Opened 7 years ago

Closed 7 years ago

#9857 closed defect (fixed)

SCI: GK2: Character Graphic Glitches in Opera basement

Reported by: dafioram Owned by: csnover
Priority: blocker Component: Engine: SCI
Version: Keywords: sci32
Cc: Game: Gabriel Knight 2


ScummVM: 1.10.0git-3459-g9bb9c0d
OS: Win7-64
Game: GK2 GOG v1.1 Englsih

Several times when transiting to rooms or loading saves the character model would go semi transparent. This happened for both grace and gabriel. It ended when I went into a new room. It mostly happened in the basement area.

It didn't prevent me from playing.

Attachments (3)

GraceTransparent.png (204.2 KB ) - added by dafioram 7 years ago.
Transparent character model
gk2-cd.084 (56.6 KB ) - added by dafioram 7 years ago.
Save with transparent character model
gk2-cd.086 (47.0 KB ) - added by dafioram 7 years ago.
Click right upstairs and at the end of the video grace should be transparent

Download all attachments as: .zip

Change History (8)

by dafioram, 7 years ago

Attachment: GraceTransparent.png added

Transparent character model

by dafioram, 7 years ago

Attachment: gk2-cd.084 added

Save with transparent character model

by dafioram, 7 years ago

Attachment: gk2-cd.086 added

Click right upstairs and at the end of the video grace should be transparent

comment:1 by csnover, 7 years ago

Summary: SCI:GK2: Character Graphic Glitches in Opera basementSCI: GK2: Character Graphic Glitches in Opera basement

comment:2 by csnover, 7 years ago

Owner: set to csnover

Thanks for your report!

I am able to confirm this bug in ScummVM, and that it does not appear to exist in the original interpreter.

The palette required for correct rendering of the ego is being skipped because the engine thinks that it has already been submitted for the next frame, but the entries from that palette were overwritten by the VMD that plays after walking up the stairs and so need to be successfully submitted again to replace the entries that were changed by the VMD.

I have not yet managed to track down exactly which part of the system is broken; from what I know so far, it could be the resource manager, the VMD player, the palette code, the frameout code, or perhaps some of the other kernel calls like kUnLoad that don’t do in ScummVM what they do in SSCI.

comment:3 by csnover, 7 years ago

So, here is a write-up of things so far:

SCI engine uses versioning to manage palette updates. This is generally an optimisation to avoid unnecessary palette updates when a palette has already been merged into the main (source) palette.

There are two ways that palettes make it into GfxPalette32. The first way is by an explicit call by a game script to kPalette to load a specific palette resource. The second way is implicit: during rendering, when a screen item ends up in the draw list, its cel’s baked-in palette is submitted by GfxFrameout::frameOut or palMorphFrameOut to the palette manager.

In both cases, the palette data contains a version field that is updated by GfxPalette32 to record the last version that the given palette was submitted. If the current version in GfxPalette32 is the same as the version in the palette data, the palette manager skips applying the palette.

If the version in the palette data does not match the version of GfxPalette32, the palette is merged into the source palette, and if this causes a change to the colours in the source palette, the GfxPalette32::_needsUpdate flag is set, and the GfxPalette32 version is incremented. Once the _needsUpdate flag is set, all palettes with a different version are merged, but the GfxPalette32 version is not updated again until the _needsUpdate flag is cleared (by a call to GfxPalette32::updateForFrame or updateFFrame).

What seems to be happening here is complicated and seems to revolve around explicit calls to submit palette 252.

When loading the attached save 86 and walking up the stairs, the order of operation is:

  • The game plays the VMD of walking up the stairs. This submits palettes for the VMD + view 126 (the background for the bar at the top of the screen with the room name & score), and both are applied successfully. (version is now 6)
  • After the VMD ends, palette 252 is submitted by a game script, and is also applied successfully. (version is now 7)
  • The game plays the VMD of the man talking about the show starting. This submits palettes for the VMD + view 126, again applied successfully, but version remains 7 because nothing has cleared the _needsUpdate flag.
  • After the VMD, palette 252 is submitted again, but since GfxPalette32 says we are still at version 7, it is not applied. This breaks Grace's palette, which comes from palette 252.

If we mess with GfxPalette32 by calling updateForFrame to clear the _needsUpdate flag before calling frameOut in VMDPlayer::renderFrame, when frameOut submits all the draw list palettes, this will coincidentally trigger a version update when view 126’s palette is submitted, and then when palette 252 is submitted again later, it will be updated to the new version. But this seems to rely entirely on the coincidence that there is a cel waiting to render when frameOut is called that causes a change to the colours in the source palette.

I am not sure yet what is the correct way to ensure this all works properly. It is possible that SSCI relied on this coincidental situation with the draw list but I am still looking to figure it out. I have tried changing the ScummVM implementation to put the palette from the VMD decoder into the SciBitmap that is used to render the video (so it is processed by the call to submitPalette in frameOut, instead of being submitted directly), but this does not seem to change the situation when it comes times to resubmit palette 252.

As I write this description, I realise that it does, however, seem to provide a basis for guaranteeing that at least one palette will be submitted through the draw list to cause a version update: the VMD’s own screen item. So it may actually just be the case that the implementation has to be updated to do this, but also with a call to updateForFrame before frameOut in VMDPlayer::renderFrame so that the VMD’s palette update does not get batched up with any earlier set of palette changes.

comment:4 by csnover, 7 years ago

Priority: lowblocker

comment:5 by csnover, 7 years ago

Resolution: fixed
Status: newclosed

Thanks for your report! A fix for this issue has been committed at 7057f232d75732c320fb470a8632a4c2f055a47f and will be available in builds 1.10.0git-3729 and higher.

Due to the nature of this bug, if you have a save game where a character palette is incorrect, you will just need to walk to a new room to fix the palette.

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